We all know that in the desert it’s very hot. Other facts are less well-known but will be important when it comes to animals in desert terrariums. The desert will cool down as soon as the sun goes down. The desert is very dry and usually windy. In such extreme conditions, bacteria cannot multiply into deserts almost as sterile. Actually, nothing can kill desert animals faster than moisture and dirty conditions. They will never be able to develop antibodies to germs. So they will only be infected and die.
Therefore, a good desert gecko leopard terrarium needs to fulfill a number of requirements which basically determine the welfare of animals in it. Which includes the components in it are:
There is no place on earth that has better ventilation than the desert. Don’t think of a box with a few holes on both sides for your desert terrarium. Instead, use aluminum on at least three sides of the cage to allow maximum airways. Ventilation reduction will substantially support bacterial growth even in a clean cage. Animals hate air flow. Poorly ventilated enclosures coupled with fans are not a good solution. A good connection will reduce air exchange by up to 10 percent. The hole in the side will reduce it to 95 percent.
Your desert terrarium substrate is required which can be easily cleaned. Sand substrate is only suitable for Bristol wilderness. If dirty, you will just rake it up and throw it away. It is true that conditions in the desert not only consists of sand but also of stone, gravel and so on. But animals do not want to live in the rocks, and all kinds of dirt can be among the gravel without us even knowing. The sand stays only good and comfortable solution.
Desert animals are usually inactive during the day. Desert may remain hot during the day, but still, animals in the desert need shade and darkness. Provide flat stone, smooth stone or a piece of textured wood that is easily lifted & cleaned until the animal can dig sand under it and use it as a hiding place. If you need to clean this stone, do it at night when the animal is not resting under the rock. Actually, this hiding place that needs to be heated all day until it reaches the temperature of the desert. The most natural way is to install a heating lamp just above the hiding place.
Almost all desert animals like low humidity. The lower will be better. With heating lamps installed as mentioned above, good results will be achieved automatically in a well-ventilated enclosure. A living room will show humidity between 50% and 70%, under a heating lamp, the humidity will be below 50%. This kind of humidity should be there during the day. At night, the desert tends to be more moist, so that humidity can reach up to 70%.
Healthy desert reptiles do not need to drink every day or soak in water before changing skin. Smaller animals will like a few drops of water once a week. Larger animals will be satisfied with only a small bowl of water once a month. A thirsty animal will smell the water & will find it. For females who will lay eggs, provide a closed box that is moist (not wet) with a hole that is sufficient for animals to come in and out. After the female lays eggs, move the box.