Leopard gecko is popular with beginner and experienced owners of lizard. They come in various colors and patterns. They are small and easily handled so beginner reptile owners would love to take them as a pet. Leopard geckos have white, yellow, and black dots as their common colors. The hatchling starts their strip out gradually until it changes into some spotted looks. There are several patterns and color variations named morphs, which include every color you may find from a rainbow.
Certain colors are more valuable and desired as well. Meanwhile, the normal coloration types are quite affordable yet readily available. So, leopard gecko is another name of Eublepharis macularius, which has 20 years of lifespan if they are kept in captivity. Their average size is approximately 8 to 10 inches in length from their head to their tail.
Leopard gecko behavior and temperament
This animal is nocturnal. Generally, the ground-dwelling geckos are easy to tame and docile as well. There is not such as sticky toe pad like another gecko we all know, which makes them not climb the walls. However, they do have the eyelids, which are also unlike another gecko. They move pretty slow and generally do not bite. Their personality is pretty perky and very vocal every time they are hungry.
If in one enclosure there is more than one gecko, you better keep an eye on them. If you see some tail-waving movements, which mean that they feel threatened and sometimes lead to attacking. You really need to separate them immediately.
Leopard gecko loves to rattle with their tails, just like the rattlesnakes. The tail rattling shows that they are excited either with their meals or the mating process on the mind. In their defense mechanism, leopard geckos could self-amputate their tail just like other lizards. This thing is uncommon if you keep them in captivity. However, this is very possible since they have such a quirky behavior.
Provide a house for baby gecko
Leopard gecko baby was usually housed in glass aquariums around 10 to 20 gallons. You are also able to use plastic storage as long as that box has at least one foot high to prevent geckos can out of the box. Then 20-gallon tanks can be a good option for larger adults or you want to place more than a gecko in the same tank but make sure there is only one male per tank. Other than that, keep males and females together if you are expecting the offsprings.
In order to provide their hiding and climbing space, you can add some half logs inside a simple cardboard box or the reptile aquarium. The damp hide box will help them to shed their skin. An old fish tank that does not hold any water anymore could work properly and perfectly well for this animal. Since they are nocturnal animals, they need no special UVB lighting. You can provide a regular white heat bulb on their hot spot during the daylight and a red bulb or blue bulb or a ceramic heat emitter for additional heat at night.
You may need to put some under-tank heating pads to regulate temperature. However, if your geckos tend to burrow the glass surface down to the tank, you better skip the under-tank heating pad. Also, hot rocks are not recommended as well.
The hot spot temperature in the daylight only needs 31 C with the thermal gradient down to 24 C. When the night comes, the temperature could drop between 21C and 24C. Also, make sure that their house is not exposed to any draft and you cannot put them near a door or window. They basically need no humid environment. However, if the humidity is below 20% the leopard gecko might find trouble to shed their skin.
They cannot be kept on the sand. Geckos could consume the sand and it could lead to a serious trouble like a blockage in their intestinal organ. You may consider putting paper since it is easy to absorb any dirt and water. Papers are easy to replace or you might try the carpet for the floor covering.
We do not recommend wood shavings because those could hurt and cut the geckos’ feet. Other than that, the oil contained by wood could make them irritated. It is important that nothing is ingested along with their meals. Some leopard gecko owners prefer to feed them in two separate environments or an empty container so there is no worry in this section.
What to feed?
You know that leopard geckos are carnivore so they cannot eat vegetables but live insects such as crickets. You are able to provide small crickets or mealworms for your baby geckos every day. You should know that the insects should not bigger than the gecko’s head. When the geckos come to adult size, they can be fed larger insects such as super-worms, Dubia reaches, and more.
The insects that you will be fed in your gecko should be a diet which been fortified with vitamins and minerals before you give them that make your geckos can get balanced nutrition. If you are raising insects for their food, then the insects should be coated lightly with calcium powder around 3 times a week and you are also able to add vitamin D2 around 2 times as well. Insects can be fed in our baby geckos in small dishes where baby geckos can climb up to eat them.
Common health problems
One of the most common conditions found in leopard gecko is a disease related to their metabolic bone. Just like the human, geckos could become sick if they are lack of calcium and vitamin D intake. The metabolic bone disease could give a painful sensation on their spine and limb deformities. In animals, they would show weird appetite and tremors. Other than that, this animal is prone to gastroenteritis caused by bacterial infection, dry skin, and various respiratory issues. When you find some weird signs appear from your leopard gecko, you should bring them to the veterinarian immediately.